How To Set Time In Linux Permanently
If you want to change or set hostname of your Linux system, simply run: Of course, you will need to replace “NEW_HOSTNAME” with the actual hostname that you wish to set. Change default runlevel. Time Stopper is a popular software which has been created exactly for the task of freezing the time of trial software. Being able to log into your PC and automatically mount network shares means work gets done easier. pluto is used to automatically build shared "security associations" on a system that. Linux List Wireless Networks Command Line Both modes share the same command set and the main difference is in interactive mode providing access to unsolicited messages (event messages, username/password requests). This time we will talk about how to add a static route on RHEL7 Linux. You can change the timezone on every Linux distribution by using the command line, or you can use the selection menu in the command line for different Linux distributions. It wasnt as easy as I thought initially. It can actually work for the demo time limit but is not designed for that and not to regress more than a short time. [email protected] KillDisk gives you a fast, easy way to delete your files and folders for good if you're getting rid of your hard drive. While you can still change the Windows theme, you cannot adjust how specific controls look, like it was possible in all releases starting from Windows 95 all the way up to Windows 7. The following linux command will list all timezones. Permanently set startup disk at boot time. To set up the wireless range extender to use the same SSID as your router: Follow the steps in the setup wizard for the wireless extender. The Linux kernel has a defense mechanism named address space layout randomization (ASLR). The Word "Permanently" is In Capital Words Because you might know the trick To Change The Name of Your Processor Temperarily. local file to let it be run at the very end of the booting process or by creating your own startup script if you need it set earlier. You can then ask Vim to print the line you would need to add to your ~/. Displays the user who is logged in along with the hostname, similar to the below prompt: [ [email protected] ]# If you want to make the prompt permanent in the C Shell, edit the. Set/Change/Unset a Variable. sh file – Run catalina. It does not matter if you are using Linux to power your personal computer or you have a Linux server. You will also see how to set locale and language temporary for the current session only as well as permanently for a single user or for the all users (change default system locale). Set the Date Manually from the Linux Terminal. The System Time: This is the time kept by a clock inside the Linux kernel and driven by a timer interrupt. , sequence of characters ). your account must have administrative rights to making changes to this file. Which Reverts back to Original Name When You Restart Your Computer, But today I will Show you How to Change it Peramanently. When managing a server it is important to ensure that your clients can easily yet securely access and transfer files to and from their machines to the server. There is one difference though, is that Windows automatically searches the current directory for the command, whereas Linux does not. Click on the Edit PDF tool in the right pane. It's the default time server for Ubuntu and most of the other major Linux distributions, as well as many networked appliances and software applications. Though counterintuitive, the Linux “date” command displays the time, as well as the date, on a Linux box. I have set the date & time but once I logout, it sets time back to old time slot. 04, but as far as I am aware there are no versions of Linux that are suitable for non-technical users. In every system, there are two clocks which comes into action while setting the time, one is hardware clock and the other is linux (OS) clock. If you are using another editor, or a 32-bit version, please find specific instructions for how to set up your favorite editor with Git in git config core. Unix and Linux users. Most free software projects have the goal of developing a particular program for a. This guide will walk you through the steps to create a two-node shared disk cluster for SQL Server on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7. All the operating systems have a default time zone configured. To start with, the time command on Linux doesn't tell the time: $ time real 0m0. The ulimit option used for this is -u. You have set Windows to delete your files permanently. Still, with the right operators, we can be more exact while searching for information that's time-sensitive or difficult to find. If we want to see all the devices that are currently mounted on our machine, run. Kindly follow the steps below : To specify the boot sequence: Start the computer and press ESC, F1, F2, F8 or F10 during the initial startup screen. How to change your CentOS server timezone Posted by Curtis K in Administration , CentOS 5 , CentOS 6 , Quick Tips Jul, 25 2012 2 Comments Timezone data (tzdata) is stored in /usr/share/zoneinfo. To have the correct time and date in Linux is very important, a lot of things depends on it. , GNOME) as documented in the bug #719621. The hostname is set at the time when the Ubuntu operating system is installed or if you are spinning up a virtual machine it is dynamically assigned to the instance at startup. Please add or edit any information in this Wiki that you feel is lacking, missing, or needs improvement. Drag and drop that tab onto the Home button on your toolbar (it's on the left side by default). Is it possible to change the time zone in MySQL? Yes we can change the default time zone in MySQL via command-line. Open the web page you want to use as your home page. How to set a default graphics card We show you how to assign a default graphics card in Windows so you can make sure its doing its job. However, Git does not cache the user's credentials by default, so you need to re-enter them each time you perform a clone, push or pull. How can I set the time permanently? I have used the tzselect command & then export localtime. Before we dive deeper into the inner workings of Linux, let’s take a look at some of the commands which you will commonly need to execute when working with the operating system through the command line. To remove a file or directory in Linux, we can use the rm command or unlink command. This means that on the keys my @ is a " and my Pound sterling sign is a #. It does not stop the time initiation at startup. Because on 7, the way is totally different to switch between run-levels. How do I force NTPD to update date/time immediately after every boot? I'm running Raspbian and the Raspberry Pi is connected using an Ethernet cable. Set the time automatically. When it comes to penetration testing, hacking and offensive distros, one of the first to be mentioned is Kali Linux. /etc/inittab is no more used by systemd to change the run levels. Most of the time when I have an environment set up for me to develop my systems, I have had my ID logon and I can edit the. So, I figured out two ways to change the date and time, by using command line or installing the missing date and time configuration GUI in Linux Mint LXDE 12. The rm command removes each specified file. To set enforcing mode, type: # setenforce enforcing. Linux command history is not just about repeating commands. I have changed the time in Ubuntu Server 11. It is based on Debian and is available in 32-bit and 64-bit editions. Permanently Set and Save Process Priority in Windows Task Manager Using Prio Do you know "Windows" shares the processor time between all running processes based upon their priority? If a process has higher priority, it gets more processor time compared to a process having lower priority. pass =Controls the order in which fsck checks the device/partition for errors at boot time. It may be used to query and change the system clock and its settings. Lines and paragraphs reflow automatically, or you can click and drag to resize elements. In order to change the date and In order to change date and time you will have to perform the changes from the command line. Google is an incredibly useful database of indexed websites, but querying Google doesn't search for what you type literally. maxage is the number of days between forcing a password expiration. iptables Service for RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) and CentOS RHEL/CentOS also offer simple methods to permanently save iptables rules for IPv4 and IPv6. Commonly Used Linux Commands. I have found a security tab in the the preferences menu and have set a password but on each luanch of team viewer the ID remains the same but the 4 digit numerical password changes how do I make sure each computer keeps the same loging info. For the first time what you are going to do is open up the Terminal. 1 of their rolling release. Actually i brought date from GPS device now i need to set that date every time when i interact with GPS device in mu project. Your local network may provide such a server but most people need to access an NTP server via the internet. That way we override the. How to Make Aliases Permanent Aliases are a convenient feature of shells in Unix-like operating systems that make it possible to launch any command or group of commands (inclusive of any options, arguments and redirection ) by merely entering a brief, pre-set string (i. Existing system-wide open files limit,. I would like to share a method for getting a script to run at each boot so your mac is spoofed automatically. Indeed, the options and parameters which can be set via stty often have a 1:1 mapping to termio/termios. Hard limit: acts as a ceiling for the soft limit. Besides, inaccurate date and time render timestamp information in log files meaningless. Hope this alias will save you a number of hours. Today's Best Tech Deals. If the file myfile. The protocol if specified must be either "tcp" or "udp". Linux can support multiple network devices. In this post we will only discuss how to set time from the command line. Welcome to Microsoft Windows 7 Answers Forum! 1. Note: Instructions for two most popular Shells on Linux and Solaris are listed. Setting the Time for Your Linux Instance. This tutorial explains how to configure FTP Server and FTP client in Linux step by step with practical examples. Mastering the Command Line: Use timedatectl to Control System Time and Date in Linux By Himanshu Arora - Posted on Nov 11, 2014 Nov 9, 2014 in Linux The timedatectl command in Linux allows you to query and change the system clock and its settings. Change the Default Boot Kernel Temporarily on CentOS. You can selectively decide what to remember and whether to record the date and time your commands were used. Hard limit: acts as a ceiling for the soft limit. 1, 7, Vista and XP. This article will also take you through the steps to delete your required partition, view your hard drive geometry,display existing partition table,display the UUID of a partition and. How To Change the User Agent String in Microsoft Edge, Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Internet Explorer or Safari. Let us now come to the point. (forgot how many times)and the dialogue box saying “save configuration settings and restart, yes or no”. However, we recommend to run the Swing Catalyst Remote Support application bundled with Swing Catalyst. After you have experimented with text customization and colorization of your prompt, and reached a final that you want to set permanently for all your bash sessions, you need to edit your bashrc file. If using Time Machine to back up to a network disk, you can verify those backups to make sure they're in good condition. Normally, vi will forget the setting you've chosen once you've left the editor. The iburst directive at the end of each line is to speed up the initial synchronization. We may use a GUI tool to modify the time zone but in this article, we’ll be using command line utilities to accomplish this task. Increase per-user and system-wide open file limits under linux. sh file – Run catalina. I have changed the time in Ubuntu Server 11. SAS remains a popular and powerful tool for data management and statistical analysis. It does not stop the time initiation at startup. #3: sometimes when i choose to go into the bios setting from setup option in the boot option dialogue box, it will take me to bios setting screen and beep. You can change your default umask value by maing changes to the below files # vi /etc/profile. Even when I change the DPI, so far, I still have tiny font of some programs that I open. – ændrük Oct 6 '10 at 21:50. Tech made simple for your whole family. Note that you can adjust the sync time to up to a thousandth of a second, although adjusting to the tenths does the job in all cases. Press A TWICE if EnPtPr is already Off! - When EnPtPr Accel is OFF, if there is a lot of red and green, press the '+' key on the keyboard and move the mouse. Any network we are trying to reach is accessed via default gateway only if it is not implicitly overwritten by another static route definition. If you wish to change a default gateway temporarily at run time, you can use ip command. For more information on Minecraft servers, see the Server page. The Processor or CPU is like a human juggling multiple tasks at the same time. To see what all attributes are set for a particular file, you run the lsattr command as follows. The CMD shell will fail to read an environment variable if it contains more than 8,191 characters. Most routers have guest networks disabled by default, so there will usually be a page to set it up. To change public IP address of your smartphone, you may want to try the following. How to Use File Shredder to Permanently Delete Files 19 August 2018 by DaBoss In the article “ How to Securely Delete a File ” we saw that using Windows to delete a file is not the way to do so securely. This variable should be set to a colon-separated string of directories to search. Setting up your own Discord server is easy. You will need to experiment to see what works best on your computer and for the way you use it. bashrc" located in the top-level of your home directory, you may need to press Ctrl+H to see the hidden files/directories. How to change the default date format Oracle Database Tips by Donald BurlesonJuly 10, 2015 You can change the default data format within Oracle by adjusting the nls_date_format initialization parameter. In 2001 the term. How to change your CentOS server timezone Posted by Curtis K in Administration , CentOS 5 , CentOS 6 , Quick Tips Jul, 25 2012 2 Comments Timezone data (tzdata) is stored in /usr/share/zoneinfo. SAS remains a popular and powerful tool for data management and statistical analysis. Change the prompt to list the time and date above the standard prompt, similar to what is seen below. On this page, find technical documentation, such as quick starts, guides, manuals, and best practices for all SUSE products and solutions. Going on and off from Linux a lot, I have quite a bit of experience when it comes to installing/'uninstalling' an OS besides your primary Windows. [email protected] KillDisk gives you a fast, easy way to delete your files and folders for good if you're getting rid of your hard drive. The new local port or the range of ports to which the traffic is being forwarded to is specified with the toport option. The /etc/inittab file is a plain text file that can be opened with your favorite text editor. The default runlevel can be set either by using the systemctl command or making a symbolic link of runlevel targets to the default target file. Check Current Timezone. So you must have the Linux clock set to use local. I have set the date & time but once I logout, it sets time back to old time slot. To change timezone on CentOS/RHEL 6/5 we can simply link /etc/localtime file with correct timezone configuration file. This time we will talk about how to add a static route on RHEL7 Linux. Location of the local time file Linux looks at /etc/localtime to determine the current time of your machine. Benefits of XFS Filesystem. Even simple commands, like ls , cd , mkdir , rm , and others are just small programs that usually live inside a directory on your computer called / usr /bin. How to customize and change color of the bash login prompt in Linux 10 examples to customize or change the login prompt using PS1 variable of bash shell in Linux so now in this article I will share some examples which can be used to customise login prompt for ' ksh shell'. And be sure that the time zones are set right. pluto is an IKE ("IPsec Key Exchange") daemon. This page describes two methods for permanently authenticating with Git repositories so that you can avoid typing your username and password each time you are pushing to or pulling from Bitbucket Server. Discover how easy it is to install Ubuntu desktop onto your laptop or PC computer, from either a DVD or a USB flash drive. pluto is used to automatically build shared "security associations" on a system that. For this demo, we will change the system time zone from EDT to IST. local or some other start-up script. If the trial period has already ended, it is of no use to use Time Stopper as it will not be able to reverse the time. How to set environment variable LD_LIBRARY_PATH? linux LD_LIBRARY_PATH. If you want your Pi to have an IP address that doesn’t change automatically, assign it a static IP address. 5 it is added by default. In this post we will only discuss how to set time from the command line. Add some or all of the settings tags from the next section. x in easy steps, using two different methods. kshrc file in your home directory. How to Sync Your Linux Server Time with Network Time Servers (NTP) Lowell Heddings @lowellheddings Updated July 6, 2017, 3:27pm EDT Most servers are probably automatically configured to network time, but if you want to set it up for yourself, or want to change the servers that you are syncing to, here's the quick article that shows you how to. The GRUB boot loader uses the configuration files /etc/default/grub and the scripts in etc/grub. We’re the Electronic Frontier Foundation, an independent non-profit working to protect online privacy for nearly thirty years. set laststatus=2 See :help laststatus for what the options mean. Aliases in Unix and Linux operating systems are cool. Click on the Edit PDF tool in the right pane. I tried it with a cron at 00:00 every day that invokes date to set the desired date. Note that the file is saved as an image, so you can't select text, etc. On this page, find technical documentation, such as quick starts, guides, manuals, and best practices for all SUSE products and solutions. On Android, IOS, OSX, and Linux it works a bit differently, but the information is there if you research it and find out. As of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. Please note that setting the clock with the date command must be done as root. I have personally tried and tested this on Windows 10. Much like manually mounting a hard drive in Linux, accessing network shares is tedious. Bridging without Switching. This tutorial will help to change the timezone on Ubuntu 19. Fortunately, SpoofMAC can easily be set to run at startup time so your computer will always have the MAC address you want. The ulimit command can keep disaster at bay on your Linux systems, but you need to anticipate where limits will make sense and where they will cause problems. Use the arrow keys to select the BOOT tab. Setting path in Linux OS is the same as setting the path in the Windows OS. If it sits in the virtual trash bin for a few weeks, and you didn't need to restore it in that time, chances are you won't ever need it again. Hit the Refresh button at the top right corner of the window, and you should see the change immediately. Change the Default Boot Kernel Temporarily on CentOS. This is how to change the command prompt in Ubuntu, and presumably any other Debian-based Linux distro, judging from it being literally included in the code. You can selectively decide what to remember and whether to record the date and time your commands were used. You can always change it again. I haven’t experimented with changing the system date/time in a virtual machine (more on this in a moment) but for ordinary stuff like setting permissions it ought to work. You have set Windows to delete your files permanently. The following USB Linux Mint creation tutorial covers how to create a Linux Mint 5 USB Flash Drive using Windows. xx) on Mon 5 Jun 2006 at 18:45 Once you've set your timezone you might wish to change the UTC setting, upon Debian machines you can find that in the file /etc/default/rcS. Hardware clock runs even when you shutdown your system. Do take these steps carefully as incorrect removal of the items can make your system unbootable. If you wish to set the time you could do it on a once-off basis…. Much like manually mounting a hard drive in Linux, accessing network shares is tedious. How to Change JVM Heap Setting (-Xms -Xmx) of Tomcat – Configure setenv. Most system logs include a time stamp that you can use to determine when problems occur and in what order the events take place. bash_profile:. comes with systemd , a system and service manager that provides a hostnamectl command to manage hostnames in Linux. Leo I read your comment on “How do I configure my static IP address but my question do I place router cd in my computer to change my setting ,I wish I could talk to you ,I mean my wife and I share the same router with both computer I want to set up my computer with a static IP address to be a server with my radio station using my computer. com Changing your Network Interface Speed, Duplex or Auto Negotiate settings on Suse Enterprise Linux server. Set static IP, routes and DNS in Linux. and whenever i open device manager the list is blank. In any case, you can set the parameters in any of the startup scripts, because keepalive rereads the values every time its procedures need them. This tutorial will help to change the timezone on Ubuntu 19. The Word "Permanently" is In Capital Words Because you might know the trick To Change The Name of Your Processor Temperarily. Actually i brought date from GPS device now i need to set that date every time when i interact with GPS device in mu project. A default gateway is a remote host or router that your Linux host forwards traffic to when the destination IP address of outgoing traffic does not match any route in your local routing table. In this post, I'm going to share on how to set static IP address and networking details in Kali Linux. How to change the default run level of a RedHat 9. Sometimes we can have enough room to take on multiple projects. Unfortunately there is no way to set this on reboot permanently except by placing it the command in the /etc/rc. 04 In System Administration September 26, 2017 2676 Views Surya It might be possible you have installed multiple version of PHP in you server or system. This article explains how to set a permanent password in TeamViewer to allow a support agent to log in unattended. It wasnt as easy as I thought initially. , sequence of characters ). And be sure that the time zones are set right. If using Time Machine to back up to a network disk, you can verify those backups to make sure they're in good condition. Capability to change passwords of other types of resources like databases, routers, switches etc will be gradually added. It is used by routers/switches to move frames in the same layer 2 network segment. The Linux distribution Kali used by many penetration testers (including those here at LMG Security) recently released version 2017. How to add (persistent) static ARP entries in Linux A MAC (or physical - depending on context) address is the layer 2 address of the network interface card on an ethernet network. If the IP address of your Raspberry Pi changes all the time, it’s because you’re using a dynamic IP address. The default (normal) starting date is 30 December 1899; choose Tools - Options - OpenOffice. How to turn off Java in your browser – and why you should do it now – Naked Security Skip to content. If you're okay with rebooting your server or your Linux machine doesn't make use of systemd, go with the first method. 1, 7, Vista and XP. 04 Server July 3, 2013 This simple tutorial is going to show Ubuntu beginners how to display and change date and time on Ubuntu Linux both Server and Desktop. But we can set the timezone of the server so when Rails, cron, scripts, etc run, they output more. In this brief tutorial, we will be seeing how to clear Command line history in Linux system. 04 but when i reboot it resets to the default it has. Press and hold Option, then choose Verify Backups from the Time Machine menu. whack is an auxiliary program to allow requests to be made to a running pluto. Please add or edit any information in this Wiki that you feel is lacking, missing, or needs improvement. The date-time serial number is simply the number of days that have passed since a set starting date. I have installed RHEL 5. Unix and Linux users. 3 or later, you can start up from your Time Machine disk, if necessary. bash_profile or ~/. You check the time from the command line (run date), and find that the timezone is set to US Eastern or some other timezone. Here's how to give your drive(s) a permanent letter. It is used by routers/switches to move frames in the same layer 2 network segment. Restart your smartphone - Turn off your WiFi, and restart your smartphone. It can actually work for the demo time limit but is not designed for that and not to regress more than a short time. To set one up, go to your router's app/configuration page and navigate to the wireless settings. Add some or all of the settings tags from the next section. Introduction. 0 and proftpd1. so should check for libs * Adjust the system's config to check for libs in the directory where you've put the dir (like Linux's /etc/ld. This Minecraft tutorial explains how to set the time to day with screenshots and step-by-step instructions. Then we started a fresh bash shell which is a child process of the terminal that we set the global variable in and when we print the value of the variable adding_text, it printed the value of the variable even in a fresh child process. Linux List Wireless Networks Command Line Both modes share the same command set and the main difference is in interactive mode providing access to unsolicited messages (event messages, username/password requests). Cool Tip: Determine and change a file's character encoding from the command line in Linux!. In every system, there are two clocks which comes into action while setting the time, one is hardware clock and the other is linux (OS) clock. An unprivileged process may only set its soft limit to a value in the range from 0 up to the hard limit, and (irreversibly) lower its hard limit. 7, “Server System Variables”. Setting the date and time on the Apple. I would like to share a method for getting a script to run at each boot so your mac is spoofed automatically. You check the time from the command line (run date), and find that the timezone is set to US Eastern or some other timezone. so should check for libs * Adjust the system's config to check for libs in the directory where you've put the dir (like Linux's /etc/ld. Place your prompt value in that. The ulimit command can keep disaster at bay on your Linux systems, but you need to anticipate where limits will make sense and where they will cause problems. your account must have administrative rights to making changes to this file. Discusses how to figure out what your timezone is and how to set the timezone for the server, or for a particular user's session only. You need to make sure that there are no instances of spotify running, so close the app down and check the task manager to ensure there's nothing. PhpStorm is starting to roll out support for it early, so that you have time to test and start planning the migration. Not only that, I have received a formal request from one of my readers to write a tutorial on this topic. In a Windows OS you just need to search for the file mentioned above and open it up in an editor of your choice. when i want to create a new connection in wifi it asks for ssid and device mac and cloned mac address. So I figured I should make a post about how to remove Windows 7 in case there are people out there who are not sure how. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. The method is quite simple and it will change the IMEI number of your ios device with a cool PC tool that will only work if your device is jailbreak as that will complete unlocking all the feature of your device and the method to jailbreak your device is there in the steps. , sequence of characters ). timedatectl set-timezone command can be used to set or change the timezone settings in RHEL 7. To disable autocommit mode for each new connection, see the description of the autocommit system variable at Section 5. Changing Priority on Linux Processes Wed, Apr 22, 2009 What is Priority and Why Should I Care? When talking about processes priority is all about managing processor time. The Processor or CPU is like a human juggling multiple tasks at the same time. Only the external IP address matters to your hosts. Substitute according to your requirements. The BIOS setup utility page appears. Much like manually mounting a hard drive in Linux, accessing network shares is tedious. How to Assign an IP Address on a Linux Computer. 1 Thanks Santosh. SELinux is a good security feature. I always keep my hardware clocks set to UTC/GMT. conf[/code] will us. Also, if you are starting Tomcat (or other application server) automatically by calling the startup-script in the this script: /etc/rc. In this tutorial I'll share several Linux aliases that I use on a daily basis. Today we take a look at installing Kali Linux. Set or change your home page. Time Stopper is a popular software which has been created exactly for the task of freezing the time of trial software. Changing Windows Operating Systems time zone to ‘(GMT -2:00) Mid Atlantic’ Warning: this step should to be completed only after October 19 th , 2008. We will show you how to use this feature as your advantage to make sure everything is deleted permanently. You'll want to avoid setting the lease time too low as this can cause interruptions to service. com Changing your Network Interface Speed, Duplex or Auto Negotiate settings on Suse Enterprise Linux server. In this tutorial I'll share several Linux aliases that I use on a daily basis. 0 and proftpd1. In 2001 the term. Set static IP, routes and DNS in Linux. CentOS / RHEL 7 : How to Change Timezone - The Geek Diary. You can easily change it to whatever you want in both Desktop & Server by editing the hosts and hostname files. Now I can see the time lag on the server. tcz and util-linux. If you're using Mint, Ubuntu, or any other distribution with a simple user interface and settings. The question of which set of sums of squares is the Right Thing provokes low-level holy wars on R-help from time to time. ssh to server as root 2. I have set the date & time but once I logout, it sets time back to old time slot. Sometimes users are required to change the default timezone to some other timezone as per their requirements on Linux system. Also, if you are starting Tomcat (or other application server) automatically by calling the startup-script in the this script: /etc/rc. Last README file showed how to format NTFS drives in Windows using PowerShell and Command Prompt commands. Today's Best Tech Deals. I haven’t experimented with changing the system date/time in a virtual machine (more on this in a moment) but for ordinary stuff like setting permissions it ought to work. Especially, How Can we change our Android’s MAC Address quickly. The groupadd command can be used in Linux to add user groups to the system. Change Timezone. shrc file and add these two lines at the bottom. For UNIX, as well as Linux (which is not UNIX per se), ifconfig will only change the IP temporarily. You can keep any script file name, and here I’ve kept httpd. Learn how to configure anonymous download option in FTP, allow or restricted local users to login in home directories through FTP and use FTP chroot feature to keep users in allowed directories only. Of course in the above example, you should change “/path/to/newdir” with the exact path that you wish to set. # lsattr filename ----i----- filename If the immutable flag is set, there will be an i in the listing. Not only that, I have received a formal request from one of my readers to write a tutorial on this topic. Clock-time should be properly managed to access live websites and online content, time is the basic factor which moves constantly on its own. How to set the umask value permanently? The above methods used to set umask value are all temporary and terminal based. Swappiness is the kernel parameter that defines how much (and how often) your Linux kernel will copy RAM contents to swap. In any case, you can set the parameters in any of the startup scripts, because keepalive rereads the values every time its procedures need them. kshrc file in your home directory.